8. Synopsis
**Introduction:**
The first measurement occasion introduces the laboratories and informs the
students about the general requirements. Safety rules (fire hazard, accidents)
are also presented.

**Measurement
1****: Electrical instruments**
The
electrical instruments, which are to be used within the subject, are to be introduced
and their usage is to be practiced. Their special measurement functions are to
be presented and their non idealities are to be studied.

**Measurement 2: Digital devices basics**

This
measurement presents the basics of FPGA based devices and tools and methods
available for their design and analysis.

**Measurement
3: Time domain analysis**

The
following topics are to be studied during this measurement: measurement of time
and phase shift, the measurement and analysis of the transfer function of
linear systems, propagation of signals on distributed systems (Time Domain
Reflectometry).

**Measurement
4: Electrical power and power supply**

Measurement
of electrical power, basic and special instruments, methods. Power consumption
of different devices, such as light lamps, personal computers etc.

**Measurement
5: Frequency Domain Analysis**

Fourier transform
and analysis of signals, measurement of the Bode diagram. Examples for using
spectral analysis for real engineering problems, its benefits.

**Measurement
6: Two-Terminal networks**

Basic
passive electronic components (RLC), measurement of non-idealities.
Characterization of two-pole systems, frequency dependence, equivalent models
and parametrization.

**Measurement
7: Four-Terminal networks**

Model
development for electrical behavior, measurement of the electrical impedance,
measurement of magnetic properties and parameters, in-circuit measurements.

**Measurement
8: Active electronic components**

Analysis of
semiconductor devices (diode, BJT, FET) and their characterization, small
signal and dynamic behavior.

**Measurement
9: Basic logic circuits **

Integrated
TTL and CMOS circuits, measurement of basic parameters and properties. Power
consumption, propagation delays, unique features and phenomena.

**Measurement
10: Implementation and analysis of sequential networks**

Design of
logic circuits by CAD systems. The design, simulation and validation of a
simple sequential logic system.

**Measurement
11: Measurement of programmable peripheral units**

The measurement
demonstrates the application of a complex digital circuit for an exemplary
communication and control scenario.